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Minor Illness

Child with a Temperature 

We are aware how worrying it can be to have a sick child.  If you are concerned about your child we will always see him or her the same day at surgery.  We do ask that whenever possible you bring your child to the surgery rather than requesting a home visit.  A child will come to no harm being brought to the surgery and can usually be seen sooner.  It is always wise to keep a supply of children’s Paracetamol at home.  Paracetamol reduces a child’s temperature, so should be given 4 hourly whenever a child has a temperature.  In most minor illnesses in childhood this is the only treatment required, but if the child fails to improve, or you are worried, don’t hesitate to contact the surgery for advice.

Coughs & Colds

These are caused by viruses and even in this day and age, there is no cure.   Antibiotics can only kill bacteria which are different organisms and are usually not needed.  Paracetamol will relieve the headache, sore throat and aching muscles as well as reducing the fever.  The illness will last 5-6 days but the cough may persist for several more days.  Troublesome coughs will respond to steam inhalations and proprietary cough medicines.

Sore Throats

Most sore throats are caused by viruses which do not respond to antibiotics.  They usually last four or five days, and respond to the same treatments as for colds.

Vomiting & Diarrhoea

Prevent dehydration – drink plenty of fluids, diorylate or rehidrat are available at your chemist and are very useful in young children.  No milk or solids should be given for 24 hrs especially in small babies.  Symptoms should settle in 24-36 hours.  If symptoms persist or if vomiting frequently, see a Doctor.

Burns 

Immediately apply large quantities of cold water, if skin is blistered apply loose dressing.  If burn is large or skin broken contact the nurse or casualty department.

Threadworms  

Small white worms seen in the motion, suspect if there is scratching around the anus especially at night.  Spread by eggs under the nails put into the mouth.  Medicine is available from the chemist, and all family members should be treated and be meticulous about hand washing.

Back Pain

Usually begins as a strain caused by poor lifting technique.  Always bend your knees and keep your back straight.  Rest your back on a firm bed and maintain a good posture when walking.  Painkillers and rest are usually all that is required.

Cuts & Grazes

Wash the wound thoroughly with water and antiseptic solution.  To stop bleeding apply pressure with a clean handkerchief or dressing to the wound for about five minutes.  Cover with a clean dry dressing.



 
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